MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BANDUNG, INDONESIA: IS INCINERATION THE RIGHT WAY TO TREAT YOUR WASTE?

  • Kryštof MAREŠ Department of Sustainable Technologies, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic
  • Denisa MAREŠOVÁ Department of Sustainable Technologies, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic
  • Tatiana ALEXIOU-IVANOVA Department of Sustainable Technologies, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic
  • Yayan SATYAKTI Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Adrian FURCULIȚA Technical Coordinator within the framework of Sustainable Waste Management in the Central - Eastern area of the Republic of Moldova Project

Abstract

Abstract. Globally, the most used waste treatment method is landfilling, although (improper) landfilling, which is typical for developing countries, has no material or energy recovery possibility compared with other treatment methods. In Indonesia, open dumping on final disposal sites covers most of the treated waste, which is an even worse method than landfilling in terms of environmental issues. The main objective of this article is to evaluate the feasibility of the waste-to-energy solution/waste incineration approach for proper and sustainable waste management in Bandung. A big issue of municipal solid waste is the organic portion of waste, as most emissions and pollution come from organic waste and improper handling. A specific objective is to conduct the risk analysis of an incineration plant model and to compare the environmental impact of incineration vs landfilling. The input data for the assessment will be obtained from the laboratory analyses of solid waste samples collected from the Sarimukti disposal site. The lab analyses will comprise the determination of fractional composition (biodegradable and non-biodegradable compounds like food waste, paper, textiles, plastics) and physico-chemical properties (such as moisture content, calorific values, trace elements). The research will also include general calculations of energy balance and economic costs of the incineration plant. Thus, the selected criteria will assess the following aspects of the incineration plant model: technical, environmental, social, energy, and economic.


Key words: Municipal wastes; Solid wastes; Waste management; Open dumping; Incineration; Waste handling; Energy recovery.


Реферат. По всему миру, наиболее распространённым способом обращения с мусором является его размещение на свалках. Однако по сравнению с другими способами, создание свалок ненадлежащим способом, типичное для развивающихся стран, не представляет возможности переработки отходов или выработки энергии. В Индонезии большая часть всего собранного мусора оказывается на открытых необорудованных свалках окончательно, что с точки зрения экологии является худшим способом, чем расположение мусора на оборудованных свалках. Основной целью статьи является оценка возможности переработки отходов в энергию с помощью мусоросжигания как вариант надлежащего и устойчивого обращения с мусором в Бандунге. Серьёзной проблемой твёрдых бытовых отходов является их органическая часть, т.к. большая часть выбросов и загрязнений связана именно с органическими отходами и неправильным обращением с ними. Одна из целей исследования - это проведение анализа рисков модели мусоросжигательного завода и сравнение воздействия на окружающую среду мусоросжигания и расположения мусора на свалках. Чтобы получить исходные данные для комплексной оценки, методология исследования будет включать лабораторный анализ образцов твердых отходов с полигона Саримукти, а именно определение фракционного состава (биоразлагаемые и бионеразлагаемые компоненты, такие как пищевые отходы, бумага, текстиль, пластмассы) и физико-химические свойства (таких как влажность, теплотворная способность, микроэлементы). В исследование также будут включены общие расчеты энергетического баланса и экономических затрат на установку мусоросжигательного завода. Таким образом, модель мусоросжигательного завода будет оценена с точки зрения технических, экологических, социальных, энергетических и экономических аспектов при помощи выбранных критериев.


Ключевые слова: Муниципальные отходы; Твердые отходы; Управление отходами; Открытая свалка; Сжигание; Выработка энергии.

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Published
2022-08-18
How to Cite
MAREŠ, Kryštof et al. MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BANDUNG, INDONESIA: IS INCINERATION THE RIGHT WAY TO TREAT YOUR WASTE?. Stiinta agricola, [S.l.], n. 1, p. 78-84, aug. 2022. ISSN 2587-3202. Available at: <https://sa.uasm.md/index.php?journal=sa&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=779>. Date accessed: 24 sep. 2022.
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