Peritonita infecţioasă felină în România

  • Cristina HORHOGEA Universitatea de Ştiinţe Agricole şi Medicină Veterinară Iaşi, România
  • Cristina RÎMBU Universitatea de Ştiinţe Agricole şi Medicină Veterinară Iaşi, România
  • Carmen CREŢU Universitatea de Ştiinţe Agricole şi Medicină Veterinară Iaşi, România
  • Rita GOLBAN Universitatea Agrară de Stat din Moldova

Abstract

The study was conducted in Romania, during 2007-2011 on 58 cats of different breeds and ages (1,7 months–13 years), with clinical signs of feline infectious peritonitis (wet form in 52 cases and dry form in 6 cases). Coronaviral RNA was identified by RT-PCR, using p205/p211 primers in 32 (61,53%) ascites fluid and 2 pleural fluid samples. Feline infectious peritonitis was diagnosed in 24 domestic short hair cats, 2 Russian Blue, 2 Burmese, 2 Persiane, 2 Siameee and 2 Chartreaux. 52,94 % of the 34 tested animals were females and 46,06% males. Among domestic short hair cats category with the largest number of individuals, 75% males and 50% females were positive. Regarding age, 70,58% were at least 2 years old and 29,42 % younger than 2 years old. This study is the first in Romania and showed some epidemiological and clinical aspects of feline infections peritonitis in Moldavia.


Key words: Cats; Feline infectious peritonitis; RT-PCR; Coronavirus; Ascites.


Rezumat. Studiul a fost realizat în România, în perioada 2007-2011, pe 58 de pisici de rase şi vârste diferite (1,7 luni – 13 ani), cu semne clinice de peritonită infecţioasă felină (52 de cazuri suspecte de forma efuzivă şi 6 cazuri de forma uscată). ARN-ul coronaviral a fost identificat prin RT-PCR, utilizându-se perechea de primeri p205/p211 în 32 (61,53%) din probele de lichid de ascită (n=52) şi în cele de lichid pleural (n=2). Diagnosticul de peritonită infecţioasă felină a fost stabilit la 24 de pisici din rasa comună, două Albastru de Rusia, două Birmaneze, două Persane, două Siameze şi două Chartreaux. În studiul de faţă, din cele 34 de pisici pozitive, 52,94% au fost femele şi 46,06% masculi. Raportându-ne la categoria cea mai numeroasă, şi anume rasa comună, 75% dintre masculi şi 50% dintre femele au fost pozitivi. Referitor la categoria de vârstă, 70,58 % au avut vârsta de doi ani sau mai mult, iar 29,42 % mai puţin de doi ani. Este primul studiu de acest fel din Romania şi prezintă unele aspecte epidemiologice şi clinice ale peritonitei infecţioase feline la pisicile din regiunea Moldova.


Cuvinte-cheie: Pisici; Peritonită infecţioasă felină; RT-PCR; Coronavirus; Ascită.

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Published
2017-04-21
How to Cite
HORHOGEA, Cristina et al. Peritonita infecţioasă felină în România. Stiinta agricola, [S.l.], n. 1, p. 86-91, apr. 2017. ISSN 2587-3202. Available at: <https://sa.uasm.md/index.php?journal=sa&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=64>. Date accessed: 12 apr. 2021.
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