Influenţa combinaţiilor altoi-portaltoi asupra productivităţii şi calităţii fructelor de tomate

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Margareta GUȚUL

Abstract

Abstract. The experiment was carried out to study the effect of two rootstocks (‘Emperador F1’ (RZ) and ‘Maxifort F1’(De Ruter) on the quality and yield of tomato fruits (‘Abellus F1’, ‘Beril F1’ and ‘Lilos F1’ varieties). The obtained data denote that tomato grafting may significantly contribute to the growth and development of the plants. The number of fruits exceed the control by 30,2%, the number of racemes is also higher, while the number of fruits per raceme insignificantly differs between the analyzed variants. The average mass of one fruit was significantly influenced by grafting, exceeding the control by 19,1%. The results of physico-chemical analyses showed that the properties of the fruits of grafted plants were similar to those of the control plants in terms of acidity and dry substances. The rootstocks do not affect pH value of tomato fruits.


Key words: Lycopersicon esculentum; Grafting; Scion/rootstock combinations; Yield; Tomatoes; Dry matter; Acidity.


Rezumat. Experienţa a fost efectuată cu scopul evaluării portaltoaielor Emperador F1 (RZ) şi Maxifort F1 (De Ruter) asupra producţiei şi calităţii tomatelor (soiurile Abellus F1, Beril F1, Lilos F1). Rezultatele înregistrate denotă că altoirea poate contribui semnificativ la creşterea şi dezvoltarea plantelor. Numărul de fructe depăşeşte martorul cu 30,2%, numărul de ciorchine de asemenea este mai mare, pe când numărul fructelor pe ciorchine diferă nesemnificativ între variantele analizate. Masa medie a unui fruct a fost influenţată semnificativ de altoire, depăşind martorul cu 19,1%. În urma analizelor fizico-chimice s-a stabilit că proprietăţile fructelor plantelor altoite au fost similare plantelor martor în cazul acidităţii, şi a substanţelor uscate. Portaltoaiele nu afectează valoarea pH-ului fructelor de tomate.


Cuvinte-cheie: Lycopersicon esculentum; Altoire; Combinaţii altoi-portaltoi; Producţie; Tomate; Substanţe uscate; Aciditate.

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GUȚUL, Margareta. Influenţa combinaţiilor altoi-portaltoi asupra productivităţii şi calităţii fructelor de tomate. Stiinta agricola, [S.l.], n. 1, p. 55-59, july 2018. ISSN 2587-3202. Available at: <http://sa.uasm.md/index.php/sa/article/view/600>. Date accessed: 21 oct. 2018.
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Lycopersicon esculentum

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