Comerţul intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare in Republica Moldova: aspecte şi tendinţe

Main Article Content

Liliana CIMPOIEŞ

Abstract

The paper analyzes the agri-food trade of Moldova from different aspects of intra-industry trade. The aim is to estimate the trend and extent of intra-industry trade in agri-food products of Moldova. The time series from
2001-2015 are examined. According to the obtained results, the level of intra-industry trade in agricultural and food products for Moldova is quite high (78%), fact which indicates a decline of trade relationships with EU countries
and an increase with CIS countries. For most commodity groups the values of Grubel Lloyd index present a high average variability over time, fact which reflects the structural changes in Moldova’s agri-food trade. The values of
A indices are very low and indicate that most of changes in trade flows had been inter-industrial in nature and probably generated high adjustment costs. The switching results of the B index of marginal intra-industry trade
indicate that Moldova’s position on these markets considerably improved and strengthened.
Key words: Agriculture; Intra-industry trade; Marginal intra-industry trade; Agri-food products.
Rezumat. În lucrarea dată se analizează fluxurile comerciale cu produse agroalimentare din Republica Moldova sub diferite aspecte ale comerţului intraindustrial. Scopul lucrării este de a estima tendinţa şi dimensiunea comerţului
intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare din Republica Moldova. Perioada analizată include datele din anii 2001-2015. Conform rezultatelor obţinute, nivelul comerţului intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare pentru Republica
Moldova este destul de înalt (78%), şi indică asupra unei diminuări în relaţiile comerciale cu ţările Uniunii Europene (UE) şi o majorare în ceea ce priveşte ţările din Comunitatea Statelor Independente (CSI). Pentru majoritatea
grupelor de mărfuri indicele Grubel Lloyd prezintă o variabilitate medie înaltă pe parcursul perioadei analizate, ceea ce reflectă schimbările structurale ce au avut loc în comerţul agroalimentar al Republicii Moldova. Indicele
A prezintă valori joase, ceea ce indică că majoritatea schimbărilor în fluxurile comerciale au fost de natură interindustrială şi probabil au generat costuri de ajustare înalte. Rezultatele instabile ale indicelui B al comerţului
intraindustrial marginal indică că poziţia Republicii Moldova pe aceste pieţe s-a ameliorat considerabil.
Cuvinte-cheie: Agricultură; Comerţ intraindustrial; Comerţ intraindustrial marginal; Produse agroalimentare.

Article Details

How to Cite
CIMPOIEŞ, Liliana. Comerţul intraindustrial cu produse agroalimentare in Republica Moldova: aspecte şi tendinţe. Stiinta agricola, [S.l.], n. 1, p. 128-134, july 2017. ISSN 2587-3202. Available at: <http://sa.uasm.md/index.php/sa/article/view/548>. Date accessed: 23 nov. 2017.
Section
Table of contents

References

1. BLURHART, M. (1994). Marginal intra-industry trade: Measurement and the relevance for the pattern of industrial adjustment. In: Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, vol. 103(3), pp. 600-613.
2. GREENWAY, D., MILNER, C. (1983). On the measurement of intra-industry-trade. In: Economic Journal, vol. 93, pp. 900-908.
3. GREENWAY, D., MILNER, C. (2003). What have we learned from a generation’s research on intra-industry trade?. Leverhulme Centre for Research on Globalization and Economic Policy (ed.). GEP Research Paper 2002/44.
4. GRUBEL, H.G., LLOYD, P.J. (1975). Intra-industry trade: the theory and measurement of international trade in differentiated products. New York: Wiley.
5. HAMILTON, C., KNIEST P. (1991): Trade liberalization, structural adjustment and intra-industry trade. In: Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, vol. 127(2), pp. 356-367.
6. KANDOGAN, T. (2003). Intra-industry trade of transition countries: trends and determinants. In: William Davidson Working Paper Nr 566.
7. LUKA, Oksana, LEVKOVICH, Inna. (2004). Intra-industry trade in agricultural and food products: the case of Ukraine. In: Discussion paper 78, Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO).
Germany: Halle (Saale). 30 p. ISSN 1438-2172. Available: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/14923/files/dp040078.pdf.
8. LEVKOVICH, I., HOCKMANN, H. (2007). Foreign Trade and Transition process in agri-food sector of Ukraine. In: Discussion paper 114, Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO).
Germany: Halle (Saale). 30 p.
9. RUFFIN, Roy J. (1999). The nature and significance of intra-industry trade. In: Economic and Financial Policy Review, issue q IV, pp. 2-9.